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Downtown Ferndale Michigan Transforms into Destination District

By Christine Walden Hughes

Ferndale

Downtown Ferndale is known for being ‘quirky’—the DIY Street Fair, the Ferndale Funky Art Fair, Green Cruise, Fido Does Ferndale, Ferndale Blues Festival, pub crawls, prohibition parties—just about anything that is fun and interesting contributes to the city’s personality and brings to it more and more friends.

If you haven’t been to Downtown Ferndale lately…
Once a forlorn gateway to the suburban sprawl of metro-Detroit, downtown Ferndale is now a destination of choice for consumers across the region. With its lively mix of 350-plus businesses, enviable geographic desirability with easy access to major roads and service by mass transit; and an open-minded ambiance that invites participation without prejudice, downtown Ferndale today is 3.9 linear miles of proof that hard work, determination, and a plan will produce positive change.

SEVENTY-FIVE PERCENT REHAB RATE

That change is no small change, either. When the Ferndale Downtown Development Authority (DDA) released its 2010 statistics, it included a remarkable 10 year total—$57 million in public and private reinvestment, illustrated repeatedly in the before and after stories throughout the district. Over the past 10 years, nearly 75 percent of the district’s buildings have been rehabbed and/or historically preserved; redesigned streetscapes and a narrowed West Nine Mile Road created a user-friendly environment with plentiful bike racks, park benches, and places for socializing.

Eventually, the aggressive reformatting attracted a creative class of entrepreneurs who today dominate the district.

“When I moved to Ferndale 20 years ago, the downtown vacancy rate was very high and it was mostly wig shops,” said Ferndale Mayor Dave Coulter. “You could have rolled a bowling ball down the sidewalk in Ferndale and not hit anybody. Today, it’s lively, it’s crowded, which brings its own challenges. For example, parking is an issue now. But those are good problems to have.”

ROAD DIET

Coulter, a former Oakland County Commissioner, explained that changing Nine Mile from four lanes to two lanes and allowing parallel parking was the catalyst for the positive changes that followed.

“It was a controversial issue at the time to slow traffic down and make it two lanes, but that was really the beginning in bringing people and foot traffic back to downtown Ferndale,” Coulter said. “We have to get passed this mentality that the roads that go through communities like Ferndale are mini-expressways to get you some place quickly. Instead we have to realize these roadways really are a fabric of the community and that they can be a source of recreation and community.”

From upper story ad agencies and film production companies to street level green gardeners and tea room psychics, Ferndale’s downtown district is a healthy and ever-changing mix of savvy businesses. Ten years ago, the vacancy rate peaked at 30 percent. Now, it hovers around 6 percent. In 2010, 40 (40!) new businesses opened their doors. Sure, some replaced others (a net gain of 26), but each closing is now viewed as an opportunity for a stronger business to bring new product, new consumers, and new energy.

NATIONAL TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION AWARD

Citing these facts and others, the National Trust for Historic Preservation recognized downtown Ferndale in 2010 with its highest honor—the Great American Main Street Award (GAMSA). Only two other Michigan cities have ever won before (Bay City—1999/Holland—1997), and downtown Ferndale became the first in the Main Street Oakland County program to win, validating the revitalization program instituted in 2000 by Oakland County Executive L. Brooks Patterson.

Patterson praised downtown Ferndale for overcoming its past and charting a brighter future. “Through the leadership of the Ferndale DDA, its volunteers and community partners, downtown Ferndale has transformed into a strong creative, economic center in our county, unrivaled by others in Michigan and nationwide.”

Then-Governor Jennifer Granholm was equally effusive. “Downtown Ferndale is a beacon of hope in this challenging economy and is a prime example for cities across Michigan desiring to revitalize their own downtowns.”

In recognizing downtown Ferndale, the GAMSA judges cited the district’s remarkable statistics, turnaround vacancy rate, and the DDA’s unwavering commitment to the National Trust’s trademark Main Street Approach to economic redevelopment. Bottom line: The Ferndale DDA’s determination to stay the course saved a downtown once considered destitute.

“The Ferndale Downtown Development Authority’s story is about not quitting when everyone has,” said Doug Loescher, director of the National Trust Main Street Center. “From the quirky twists that it has put on its events to its commitment to sustainability projects…it is a true national model for revitalization.”

MAIN STREET PROGRAM KEY

Fido Does Ferndale

Fido Does Ferndale

The Ferndale DDA was instituted in 1980, five years after Michigan Public Act 197 legislated the mechanism to address the state’s deteriorating downtowns. DDAs were empowered in a number of ways, most notably to use tax increment financing to pay for improvements in the district. In 2001, the Ferndale DDA was accepted into the Main Street Oakland County program and became a nationally accredited Main Street program. Under the direction and determination of Executive Director Cristina Sheppard-Decius, the transformation began in earnest. A Certificated Main Street Manager and distinguished as one of Crain’s "40 under 40," Sheppard-Decius assembled a game plan that followed the rules of the Main Street Four-Point Approach®, and then found the stakeholders to implement it. An army of volunteers populated four committees—Economic Restructuring, Organization, Promotions, and Design. They brainstormed and tasked out ideas, they created a synergy, and they started to make downtown Ferndale and its programs the place to be if you wanted to be part of the change.

“Our volunteers had a huge impact on downtown Ferndale and are integral to our success story,” said Sheppard-Decius. “They are hard working, visionary, and dedicated. We would not have won the GAMSA without their continued support and determination to keep moving ahead.”

DOWNTOWN IS QUIRKY

Downtown Ferndale today is dotted with dozens of quirky retailers, convenient services, and 60-plus bars and restaurants. The day-to-day business economy is infilled with a variety of events, large and small. The Ferndale Woodward Dream Cruise is a marquee weekend in August, as is the art fair combo weekend in September—the DIY Street Fair and the Ferndale Funky Art Fair. Green Cruise, Fido Does Ferndale, Ferndale Film Festival, Ferndale Blues Festival, pub crawls, prohibition parties and, well, just about anything else that is fun and interesting contribute to the city’s personality and bring to it more and more friends. Though slightly taken aback by the departure of the highly popular Motor City Pride (to Detroit), downtown Ferndale responded with a new event, organized and staged by the city’s loyal and enthusiastic gay community.

The leader of the effort was the state’s first openly gay Mayor of Ferndale Craig Covey, now an Oakland County Comissioner, who credited a united community for the GAMSA win and the overall success of the downtown. “By bringing together key elements such as walkability, diversity, ecofriendliness, the city and the DDA together have built a downtown that people are proud to invest in—emotionally and financially.”

Going forward, the DDA is poised to keep up the momentum. “We complete projects and meet goals, but the work is never done,” said Sheppard-Decius. “You can’t stop looking ahead and figuring out how you are going to get to the future. What has happened over the last 10 years proves that. Now we are looking to the next 10, and beyond.”

THE MAIN STREET FOUR-POINT APPROACH®

As a unique economic development tool, the Main Street Four-Point Approach® is the foundation for local initiatives to revitalize their districts by leveraging local assets—from cultural or architectural heritage to local enterprises and community pride.
The four points of the Main Street approach work together to build a sustainable and complete community revitalization effort.

ORGANIZATION
Organization establishes consensus and cooperation by building partnerships among the various groups that have a stake in the commercial district. By getting everyone working toward the same goal, your Main Street program can provide effective, ongoing management and advocacy for your downtown or neighborhood business district.
Through volunteer recruitment and collaboration with partners representing a broad cross section of the community, your program can incorporate a wide range of perspectives into its efforts. A governing board of directors and standing committees make up the fundamental organizational structure of volunteer-driven revitalization programs. Volunteers are coordinated and supported by a paid program director.

PROMOTION
Promotion takes many forms, but the goal is to create a positive image that will rekindle community pride and improve consumer and investor confidence in your commercial district. Advertising, retail promotions, special events, and marketing campaigns help sell the image and promise of Main Street to the community and surrounding region. Promotions communicate your commercial district's unique characteristics, business establishments, and activities to shoppers, investors, potential business and property owners, and visitors.

DESIGN
Design means getting Main Street into top physical shape and creating a safe, inviting environment for shoppers, workers, and visitors. It takes advantage of the visual opportunities inherent in a commercial district by directing attention to all of its physical elements: public and private buildings, storefronts, signs, public spaces, parking areas, street furniture, public art, landscaping, merchandising, window displays, and promotional materials. An appealing atmosphere, created through attention to all of these visual elements, conveys a positive message about the commercial district and what it has to offer. Design activities also include instilling good maintenance practices in the commercial district, enhancing the district's physical appearance through the rehabilitation of historic buildings, encouraging appropriate new construction, developing sensitive design management systems, educating business and property owners about design quality, and long-term planning.

ECONOMIC RESTRUCTURING
Economic restructuring strengthens your community's existing economic assets while diversifying its economic base. This is accomplished by retaining and expanding successful businesses to provide a balanced commercial mix, sharpening the competitiveness and merchandising skills of business owners, and attracting new businesses that the market can support. Converting unused or underused commercial space into economically productive property also helps boost the profitability of the district. The goal is to build a commercial district that responds to the needs of today's consumers.

SOURCE: NATIONAL TRUST FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION


Christine Walden Hughes is communications and marketing manager for Ferndale Downtown Development Authority. You may reach her at 248-546-1632 or chughes@downtownferndale.com.

 

 

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