CAPITAL CONFERENCE 2012: THE POLITICS OF PLACEMAKING
Leading urban thinkers and doers Peter Allen, Sadicka White, Ernesto Sirolli and Helen Davis Johnson focused on many aspects of economic development and placemaking during this morning's Convention general session, but the unifying theme was the importance of engaging and learning from citizens of all ages. White, an experienced city administrator and urban planner in Ohio, promoted "intergenerational wisdom" as a key to adapting neighborhoods to the changing economic times. She advocated for an approach that combines cutting-edge research and knowledge with an appreciation for the positive aspects of how walkable, safe neighborhoods were designed in the past. Sirolli, who specializes in training community leaders to discover and assist entrepreneurs, picked up on that theme by discussing the essential nature of a team approach to economic success. "It wasn't Sam Walton who created Wal-Mart," explained Sirolli. "It was Sam, Helen and Helen's dad....No one can do it alone." Johnson brought the "intergenerational knowledge transfer" 2theme home by sharing practical examples of social change brought about in her hometown of Chattanooga, Tennessee through the "Chattanooga Way" of diverse community conversations. She described the ground rules as, "If you sit at this table, you have to be part of this place and proud of this place." In Chattanooga, this led to millions of dollars in waterfront investment as well as grassroots initiatives like CreateHere.
Peter Allen, an urban developer, planner and educator, focused on the importance of multiple generations as well, but from the perspective of marketing and attraction. He encouraged community leaders to focus on the "bookend generations" - the Millennials and Baby Boomers - when creating their economic development strategy. He also encouraged them to nurture and cultivate community champions and "update and take advantage of original arguments for why your town was created." This includes preserving and enhancing historic structures and promoting walkable commercial centers.
Community leaders can learn more economic development strategies by visiting the Center for 21st Century Communities. For more about the Michigan Municipal League go to www.mml.org and for details about our 2011 Convention go to tour.mml.org.
This afternoon at the League's Capital Convention, representatives of the cities of Ferndale, Midland and Mount Pleasant shared experiences from the front lines of efforts to complete their communities' streets. The three cities are in different stages of implementation, showing the diversity of approaches available to Michigan communities under Michigan's Complete Streets legislation.
Ferndale Councilwoman Melanie Piana shared her perspective as an elected official who spearheaded the successful efforts to adopt a Complete Streets ordinance. She stressed the importance of building a support team, educating stakeholder groups and strengthening partnerships. She encouraged local government staff and officials to bike their communities to see first-hand the strengths and weaknesses of the network. Complete Streets policy discussions can be a catalyst to coalesce disparate resolutions, policies and processes already in existence within the local government. Ferndale adopted an ordinance but has not yet created a non-motorized transportation plan.
Keith Baker, Midland's Planning Director, shared a different story about the challenges creating political will for a Complete Streets ordinance. He advocated working incrementally if necessary, starting with a local task force and then building a non-motorized plan. Midland recently adopted a non-binding resolution that is advisory in nature but requires review of all new construction projects.
Jeff Gray and Rich Morrison from Mount Pleasant's Planning and Economic Development departments showcased examples of innovative projects completed in their city to reduce traffic speeds and increase pedestrian safety without a formal Complete Streets policy in place. They also provided recommendations for dealing with the challenges of redeveloping a state trunkline running through a downtown.
The League's Complete Streets page provides examples resolutions, policies and other background information.
Luke Forrest is Project Coordinator with the Center for 21st Century Communities. Contact him at 734-669-6323 or email@example.com.
Nearly every seat was taken during this morning's League Capital Conference breakout session, "Economic Development Tools for the 21st Century," as local government leaders expressed passionate support for state tax credits for economic development. Community officials characterized brownfield and historic preservation credits as "make or break" for saving downtowns. Representative Wayne Schmidt (R-Traverse City), Chair of the House Commerce Committee, spoke with the group about his strong support for those state incentives. He expressed concern that the Governor's proposal to replace credits with grant would not provide sufficient support for redevelopment and revitalization projects in our commerce centers, but he did express an expectation that the Legislature will make some significant changes to the programs.
Michael McGee of Miller Canfield also provided an update on the possibilities created last year by the Legislature through the Next Michigan Development Act, Public Acts 273-277. It allows certain large cities and Public Act 7 intergovernmental entities to form a Next Michigan Development Corporation. Those Corporations, which must meet a number of conditions, will have access to crucial economic development incentives like Renaissance Zones, Public 198 tax abatements and tax-increment financing to encourage job development in businesses oriented towards shipping, supply chain logistics, multi-modal transportation and light manufacturing. Wayne and Washtenaw Counties and seven local governments already have taken advantage of this act to form the Detroit Region Aerotropolis.
Luke Forrest is Project Coordinator for the Center for 21st Century Communities. Contact him at 734-669-6323 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
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